Type 2 Diabetes is the most common form of diabetes. It affects nearly 17 million Americans and accounts for 90% of all Diabetes cases. In type 2 diabetes, either
the body does not produce enough insulin or the cells ignore the insulin.
Insulin is necessary for the body to be able to use sugar. Sugar is the basic fuel
for the cells in the body, and insulin takes the sugar from the blood into the cells.
If you have one or more of these diabetes symptoms, see your doctor as soon as possible
People with type 2 diabetes make insulin, but usually they don't make quite enough insulin & their bodies don't use it well.
The first treatment for type 2 diabetes is often meal planning for blood glucose (sugar) control, weight loss, and exercising. Sometimes these measures are not enough to bring blood glucose levels down near the normal range. The next step is taking a medicine that lowers blood glucose levels.
Some people with type 2 diabetes need diabetes pills or insulin shots to help their bodies use glucose for energy. Insulin cannot be taken as a pill. The insulin would be broken down during digestion just like the protein in food. Insulin must be injected into the fat under your skin for it to get into your blood.
Having type 2 diabetes increases your risk for many serious complications. Some complications of type 2 diabetes include: heart disease (cardiovascular disease), blindness (retinopathy), nerve damage (neuropathy), and kidney damage (nephropathy). Learn more about these complications and how to cope with them.